Braces are applied to teeth for various reasons, including poorly-aligned jaws, crooked, crowded and missing teeth, or a bad bite. Teeth can become crooked or jaws misaligned for a variety of reasons, including thumb-sucking or a traumatic injury, while some conditions are inherited.
Orthodontics is a field of dentistry correcting jaw and tooth alignment. Children between age 7 and 14 are common candidates for braces because their facial structures are still developing. Adult braces entail additional procedures because adult faces have already fully developed.
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Early gum disease (Gingivitis) can be caused by long-term exposure to plaque, the sticky colourless film on youth teeth that forms after eating or sleeping.
Gum disease originates in your gums, where infections form from harmful bacteria and materials left behind from eating. Early warning signs include chronic bad breath, tender or painful swollen gums and minor bleeding after brushing or flossing. Gingivitis often goes unnoticed and the infections can eventually cause gums to separate from teeth, creating even greater risk for infection and decay.
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Simple toothaches can usually be relieved by rinsing your mouth to clear it of debris. A toothache is often caused or aggravated by a piece of debris lodged between your tooth and another tooth. It’s best to avoid placing Ibuprofen between your tooth and gum to relieve pain as the dissolving capsule can actually harm your gum tissue.
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What Is Tooth Decay?
Tooth decay and cavities are caused by long-term destructive forces acting on tooth structures including enamel of the outer tooth surface and the tooth’s inner dentin material.
Frequent exposure to foods rich in sugar and carbohydrates including soda, candy, ice cream and milk can cause tooth decay and cavities. When these materials are left inside your mouth due to non-brushing and flossing, bacteria build into a harmful, colourless and sticky substance known as plaque. Plaque, combined with leftover food particles in your mouth, forms harmful acids destroying enamel and other tooth structures. If cavities aren’t treated early, they can lead to more serious problems requiring treatments such as root canal therapy.
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Infants should be seen by our dental team after the first 6 months of age or at least by your child’s first birthday. By this time, your baby’s first teeth or primary teeth are beginning to erupt, therefore it is a critical time to spot any problems before they escalate.
Conditions like gum irritation and thumb-sucking can create future problems. Babies who suck their thumbs may be setting the stage for malformed teeth and bite relationships.
Baby bottle tooth decay is another problem that can be spotted early, which is caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices combining with saliva to form pools inside your baby’s mouth. If left untreated, this can lead to premature decay of your baby’s future primary teeth, which can then hamper proper formation of permanent teeth.
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Why is flossing important?
Flossing involves a very thin piece of synthetic cord you insert and move up and down between the sides of two adjoining teeth. This method is used to remove bacteria and other debris that cannot be reached by your toothbrush.
Why is flossing important?
Daily flossing can be the single most important weapon against plaque as it is an excellent and proven method for complementing your brushing routine and helping to prevent cavities, gum disease and dental problems later in life. Flossing also increases blood circulation in your gums while removing plaque and debris stuck to your teeth and gums.
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Fluoride is an important mineral that strengthens tooth enamel and helps prevent tooth decay. The Canadian Dental Association supports the appropriate use of fluorides in dentistry as one of the most successful preventive health measures in the history of health care. More than 50 years of extensive research throughout the world consistently demonstrates safety and effectiveness of fluorides in the prevention of dental caries.
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